Fiche - Jurisprudence CMR

Numéro de la fiche : 42499

Pays : France

Thèmes : CMR (Transport routier international)
    Responsabilité du transporteur Limitation de responsabilité du transporteur (art. 23) Intérêts (art. 27)

Date de la décision : 09/09/2020

Objet :
Transport of an aeronautical radar from France to Uzbekistan - Transport commission - Damage - Personal liability of the freight forwarder (no) - Damage resulting from poor stowage - Article 1147 of the Civil Code in its version prior to that resulting from the ordinance of February 10, 2016 - Breaches of the freight forwarder (yes) - Essential obligation - Conditions of execution of the transport - Causal link between the shortcomings of the freight forwarder and the damage (no)

Sommaire :
The freight forwarder only accepts responsibility for his personal acts if this is the cause of damage or loss of goods.
The freight forwarder who has failed in one of his essential obligations of the commission agent to know the conditions of execution of the transport of the goods which have been entrusted to him, to know exactly where it is located, to ensure the follow-up until destination and to inform his principal cannot see his personal responsibility be engaged if it is not demonstrated in what this failure is at the origin of the damage.

The interests owed by the convicted freight forwarder as guarantor of an international carrier are indeed those of CMR

Référence :
Cour de cassation, ch. com.
09 septembre 2020
Pourvoi n° 17-11522
La société Bellville Rodair International Srl / Société Ortakoy et a.

IDIT n°24993
Bulletin des Transports et de la Logistique n° 3799 du 20 septembre 2020 p.524

Observation :

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